Zagazig University Museum

The major role that was played by the excavations mission of Zagazig University in the detection of a large number of antiquities in the areas of Tel Basta and Kfor Negm since 1978 had a significant impact on the university thinking in the establishment of a museum to preserve and display these holdings, therefore it was the beginning to set one of the halls of the College of Arts (an area of about 400 m 2) for this purpose. However the continuance of the scientific excavations, the increasing numbers of the discovered pieces and the narrow space, so the university established a new museum (an area of about 750 m2 ) in the fourth floor at the university administration building . The new museum was distinguished by using the latest methods of museum presentation, where it consists of a wide main exhibition hall, in addition to a store to make restoration and maintenance work to antiques before presenting it and save the unfit for display, as well as an office devoted to the museum’s staff and the administrative work. The museum now includes a 2173 documentary archaeological record of different ages from ancient Egyptian civilization. And the most important collections that are displayed in the museum are:
  1. Tel Basta treasure, which was discovered in 1992 inside two marble containers, in the area of the great temple which was devoted to the worship of the goddess ( Bastet ) and treasure is consists of about 139 pieces represent pendants, contracts, beads, earrings , rings and figurines made mostly of gold , silver and precious stones and faience . Perhaps the most important of these pieces is the courage medal (The fly Medal) which consists of nineteen gold pendants in the form of the fly.
  2. Some pottery molds used for the manufacture of amulets, which provides its owners with magical force.
  3. Different parts from statues which are different in style and materials, such as the bronze statue of the goddess Bastet and the limestone statue of the goddess Sekhmet, goddess of war and power.
  4. Statue made ​​of sandstone depicts a sitting person with his hands on his knees and wrapped in a cloak.
  5. Funeral furniture such as pottery coffins wrapper with face features and headrests which are placed under the head of the deceased, source of life forces and the Ushabtis statuettes (the respondent), which portrayed as a wrapped mummy with crossed hands on the chest to imitate with idol, has been used as servants in the other world .
  6. Two scarabs of pottery, faience and carnelian used as amulets for protection and vertical seals, especially when it contained on its interior decorations and inscriptions.
  7. Tools used in daily life such as schist stones, marble, white, red and black pottery, such as warehousing, cups, dishes and bowls in addition to pots holder.
  8. Oval or rectangular or pear shaped panels made ​​of schist, originally used in crumbling Galena which was used to make eyeliner for eye protection.